Document Type : Research Paper I Open Access I Released under (CC BY-NC) license



Aim: Clinical studies indicated that types of exercise might have different effects on cardiac health and function. The effect of strength and endurance exercises-induced cardiac release proteins on its health is no clear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare the Galectin-3 and NT-ProBNP levels in strength and endurance elite athletes.
Method: Fifteen elite body builders (mean ± SD age of 23.0 ± 1.4 years and BMI: 24.1 ± 1.4 kg/m2) and fifteen elite endurance runners (mean ± SD age of 21.4 ± 3.0 years and BMI: 21.7 ± 2.0 kg/m2) with at least 3 years of tournament playing were participated in this study as the subject. Anthropometric and body composition parameters were measured. Fasting blood sample was taken for galectin-3 and NT-ProBNP measurements. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test. Data analyses were performed using SPSS software for windows (version 17) and the level of significance in all statistical analyses was set at P≤0.05.
Results: The results indicated that galectin-3 and NT-ProBNP were higher in the strength elite athletes than the endurance elite athletes were (P<0.05).
Conclusion: In conclusion, it seems that type of exercise is effective on blood galectin-3 and NT-ProBNP concentrations.