Document Type : Research Paper I Open Access I Released under (CC BY-NC) license


Department of physical education , rasht branch , Islamic azad university , rasht, Iran


Aim: It seems that exercise training may have benefits for improving metabolic syndrome and obesity. However, there are limited documents in effect of water-based rhythmic exercise training and the menopause population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of water-based rhythmic exercise training on leptin, aldosterone and blood pressure in obese postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome.
Method: This study was a clinical trial performed on 31 obese and postmenopausal women aged 65-75 years with metabolic syndrome (15 in the control group and 16 in the experimental group). The participants were randomly allocated into control and experimental groups. The experimental group performed that water-based rhythmic exercise training for 12 weeks, three sessions per week and 60 minutes per session. Leptin, aldosterone and blood pressure were measured before and after the end of the intervention period in both groups. Data were analyzed using independent t – test and Covariance by SPSS software version 16.
Results: Twelve weeks water-based rhythmic exercise training significantly reduced leptin (P = 0.001), aldosterone (P = 0.001), systolic blood pressure (P = 0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.031) in obese postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome.
Conclusion: It seems that water-based rhythmic exercise training have a positive effect on leptin, aldosterone and blood pressure on Obese postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome.
Keywords: leptin, aldosterone, blood pressure and water-based rhythmic exercise training.


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