عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Aim: Despite the large amount of proteins in the plasma, the urine is virtually protein free due to the selectivity of the glomerular barrier. Various physiologic settings, including exercise, can induce a transient increase in the urinary protein excretion that is usually benign and reversible. Several studies have reported postexercise proteinuria in healthy adults. However, there is little information about this phenomenon in adolescents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was the comparison of exercise-induced proteinuria after a semi-soccer protocol and a soccer match in male adolescents.
Method: Twenty-two adolescent male soccer players (age 14-16) were selected for this study and randomly assigned to soccer match or semi-soccer protocol groups. Urinary samples were gathered in form of 24-hours samples before and 24 hours after completion of exercise protocol.
Results: The result showed that completion of both the semi-soccer protocol and the soccer match caused significant increase in urinary excretion of total protein, creatinine, beta2microglobulin and gama glutamyle transfrase (p>0.0001). Also, in post-test, urinary excretion of all noted indexes was slightly higher in the soccer group but the difference was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Changes in renal hemodynamics, glomerular basement membrane permeability, blood acidity, membrane charge, and hormonal and enzymatic alterations induced by exercise probably cause increase in glomerular permeability and disturbance of tubular reabsorbtion and it causes the excretion of low and high molecular weight protein in urine after exercise.
Key words: Exercise-induced proteinuria, Beta-2-microglobulin, Gama glutamyle transfrase, Creatinine