عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of exercise training in water on serum adiponectin and insulin resistance in obese children and adolescents.
Method: For this purpose 60 obese subjects (children 10-12 years and adolescents 14-16 years) were randomly assigned into one of four groups: exercise training in water for both children and adolescents, and control groups (children and adolescents). Experimental groups underwent exercise training for 8 weeks; 3 sessions per week and 60 minutes per session, with an intensity of 60-85% of maximum heart rate. Blood samples, anthropometric and body composition measures were taken before and after training program.
Results: Data analysis using ANOVA showed that exercise training in water caused a significant decrease in body fat percent, and increase in VO2max in the children and adolescents. Exercise training in water had no effect on serum adiponectin and insulin resistance.
Conclusion: In summary, since 8 weeks exercise training in water did not cause weight loss, it probably had no effect on adiponectin and insulin resistance.
Key words: Exercise training in water, Adiponectin, Obesity, Adolescents, children, Insulin resistance